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2012-04-03, 02:26 PM   #1
Dell
 



take notes on make notes of
We must take notes on the teacher's explanation.
Wait ! I'll make notes of your comment.

stay with stay ( at - in )
He stayed with his relatives.
They will stay at / in a hotel.
for free = free of charge = at no charge
Many patients are treated free of charge / for free / at no charge in public hospitals
perform - carry out do (an operation) = operate on +
The doctor who did an operation (operated) on me was clever.

work job career profession
work ( (
I have got a lot of work to do. Mr Ahmed leaves work at two o'clock.
job ( (

He has got a job as a teacher. I have got a lot of jobs to do.
career
He started his career five years ago.
profession ( (
Teaching is a profession Job.

salary wages fees fare
salary ( )
His salary is 300 pounds a month.
wages ( )
The carpenter's wages are high.
fees ( )
Doctor's fees are very high nowadays.
Fare
After I had arrived, I gave the driver the fare.

care
care for = look after / ( )
Who will care for me when I am old?
Care for = want
Do you care for a cup of tea?
care about something
He doesn't care about his studies.

train
train in
Children should be trained in good manners.
train as +
She trained as a pilot.
train for ( )
He spends two hours training for the race.

good
good at
He is good at English.
good to
He is good to his friends
good for /
Taking exercises is good for you.

decide

to + inf She decided to go out.
decide on + noun You have to decide on your goal in life
that + sentence He decided that you should attend.







across all over around the world
Chinese products are well known across (all over) the world.

graduate
graduate from
He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine.
a graduate of
He is a graduate of the Faculty of Medicine.
graduate with a degree in
He graduated with a degree in history.

biography autobiography
biography
Famous people have different biographies written about them.
autobiography
He published his autobiography last year.


Surgeon - physician
surgeon
A doctor who performs operation is a surgeon.

physician
A doctor who treats diseases is a physician.

retire resign
retire ( )
When the employee is 60, he retires and can live on his pension.
resign ) )
Mr Ahmed resigned his position last week.

Qualify
qualify as a teacher / an accountant ( )
He qualified as a doctor two years ago.
qualify in biology / archaeology ( )
He qualified in medicine last year.
be qualified to + inf.
She is qualified to teach English.



Help
Help to + inf. ( to )
He helped me to do the job.
Help + inf. ( to )
He helped me do the job.
Help with + n. ( with in )
He helped me with the job.

Contribute to + ( v + ing ) or ( noun )
We should all contribute to developing our country.
Everyone contributed to the discussion.


( Make / made / made )
make a discovery make a decision make a mistake
make a trouble make the beds make friends
make a choice: make a trip make a suggestion
make a question make a plan make a promise
make a journey make a phone call
( do / did / done )
do research do a favour do repairs
do homework do shopping do business
do PhD do better do his best
do work do a report on do a quiz
do a hobby do exercise
do damage do the housework

Expressions

set up aware of
pay for the journey take in a boy
look after / care for (about) pay attention to
put on weight put on
roll up sleeves be host to
top surgeons age assistant volunteer
got scared complain of (about)
have something in common complain to
It is a success cheer up
set up a charity adapt to the surroundings
take place = happen = occur on one occasion
take part in = share in excited about
take the place of = replace proud of = take the pride in
responsible for do research
responsible of help each other


Exercise

Choose the correct answer from a , b , c , or d :
1. You have to ( do - take make have ) notes on what the lecturer says.
2. A ( programmer grammarian clerk - linguist ) is a person whose job is writing programs for
computers.
3. The different kinds of music found ( from in at with ) different countries around the world.
4. We are very ( proud excited responsible pleased ) of our sonwho got his PhD from London.
5. Professor Zewail graduated ( for with in from ) Alexandria University.
6. Professor Zewail graduated ( for - with in from ) chemistry.
7. He took ( site place position - part ) in the competition and won a medal.
8. The rich are much more ( found- responsible - eager proud ) for the poor.
9. What do you ( remind- remember remembered made ) about your school days?
10. My family was ( proud excited happy pleased ) my success at school.
11. Oh! No, I haven't got enough money for my bus ( fair fare fee - farm )
12. Dr Taha Hussein wrote about his own life and published his ( biography history autobiology-
biography) in a book, entitled Al-Ayam (The Days).
13. A company can send a (delegation group team company) when it needs people to speak
for it at a meeting.
14. We call the children of our children ( grandparents grandchildren grandfathers - forefathers)
15. You can install (air conditioning- air conditioner air condition air conditioned ) in a modern
building if it is too hot?
16. You know a person is a police officer, a nurse or a fireman because of (uniform shoe- boot- nail)
17. Professor Magdi Yacoub was one of the first surgeons to (do- make carry cause) heart
transplant operations.
18. Professor Magdi Yacoub was part of a team which ( do make fabricate design) new heart
parts from human cells.
19. He believes his work can ( do make fabricate cause) a difference in people's lives
20. He ( did made caused brought) a lot of important work in his life.
21. Professor Yacoub did not (spend spends spent spending) his childhood in one place
Because his father had to work in different places of Egypt
22. He decided ( being - to be be to being ) a heart surgeon after his aunt died of a heart problem.
23. He went to Europe and America he wanted to get work ( a - an many no word ) experience.
24. In the 1970, he began ( work to work works - working ) in an important heart hospital in
Britain.
25. He was a member of the team that ( performed represented - fabricated made) the first heart
operation in Britain.
26. When he retired in 2001, he continued ( do doing does- to do) research
27. The African charity he works ( in -for at with ) helps children with heart.
28. Surgeons (do make - act - design) operations on people in hospitals.
29. My brother has a very difficult decision to (do make - design - have) next week.
30. My sister, who works for a charitable organization, believes her work ( plays- has -does-makes) a
difference to people's lives.
31. Everyone ( does - makes acts has ) mistakes when they're learning something new.
32. It's been more than 20 years since surgeons (did - had - acted - made) the first heart transplant
operation in Britain.
33. There's a factory in our town which ( does - plays performs mates ) parts for cars and buses.
34. It's a hard job ( work- works- having worked working ) outside in the heat with the noise of heavy.
35. The company trains us ( good- well better best).
36. All the Egyptians are proud ( for- of in with) our distinguished scientists 30-I'm proud ( to be -
to have been of being for being) your assistant in future.
37. Last week, I was reporting (on for at in) that story almost every day
38. I love ( to work having worked working being working) here because every day is different.
39. He qualified (as like such as alike) a doctor.

Find the mistakes and correct them:
1. Without he doesn't have a study plan, it is easy to waste time.
2. Ayman lent a football from Osama
3. Having writing the letter, he put a stamp on it and took it to the post office.
4. The television didn't work although My sister had broken it.
5. They are brothers. Despiteone was wearing a new suit. The other was wearing old clothes.
6. After finished the secondary school. He entered the university.
7. She was painting the picturewhile the telephone rang.
8. What were you doing when saw you in the bank yesterday?
9. He advised her to she passed the test.
10. He let us to take part in the play.

A) Translate into Arabic:
One of the current reform programmes is to stimulate invest in the industrial sector. The declared aim of the government in it; is to increase the share of the private sector to 25 per cent of the investment expenditure.
b) Translate into English :
 .


Grammar
Present Simple


 : :
eat go play wash visit
 He She It s es ies .
es ss sh ch o x .
She goes to school on foot. She passes her exam.
He washes his car every week. A cat catches mice.
 y i es y
y .
try tries fly flies study studies
 :
usually - sometimes always often frequently- generally rarely - never - every ( day week- month - year )
 : :

I get up at six everyday. My father usually goes to work by car.

The Sun rises in the morning. We write English from left to right.
 :
 ) + ( don't S .
I play tennis. I don't play tennis. They run. They don't run.
 ( + ( doesn't S .
He speaks English. He doesn't speak English.
 usually sometimes always - often never .
I always get up early. I never get up early.
She usually watches TV at night. She never watches TV at night.

 :
= It is someone's habit + to +

Usually

= in the habit of + ( v + ing )

It is my habit to get up early. ( usually)
I usually get up early. ( in )
I'm in the habit of getting up early.



Past simple
 : ( d - ed - ied) .
I visited my uncle last week. She played football yesterday.
 .
travel travelled stop stopped
 If .
If he played well, he would win the match.
 used to .
I used to go to school on foot.
 wish .
I wish I were a doctor.

 :
yesterday ago once in the past in ancient times one day - last ( week - month )
Last week He gave a party. I visited my uncle a week ago.
 : ) + didnt ).
I finished my work. She won the cup yesterday.
I didnt finish my work. She didn't win the cup yesterday.
 :
 :
put put put
cut cut cut
shut shut shut
hit hit hit
let let let
read read read
 :
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
think thought thought
bring brought brought
build built built
sleep slept slept
meet met met
hear heard heard
 :
eat ate eaten
drink drank drunk
swim swam swum
fall fell fallen
write wrote written
draw drew drawn
speak spoke spoken



present Continuous

 : :

Sub. + am
is + v + ing
are

Im writing English. She is reading. We are eating.
 :
 .
Im flying to London tomorrow.
 ( be going to ) .
Im going to read story tonight.
 .
Im reading New Novel now but my brother is playing football.
 :
see hear smell notice realize understand refuse love hate dislike possess belong think.
 .
This book is belonging to me. ( X ) This book belongs to me.
 :
now at this moment at present still look listen watch hurry quick

Listen, She is singing. Now they are playing.
He is still reading. Watch! The bus is coming.
 :
 .
run running stop stopping

.
begin beginning answer answering
acquit acquitting orbit orbiting

 e ing .
ride riding invite inviting

 singe dye ing .
dye dyeing singe singeing
sing die .

 ee ing .
agree agreeing flee fleeing


 L L ing .
travel travelling control controlling

 ing .
eat eating keep keeping

 ie y ing .
die dying lie lying




Past Continuous




I was playing football . They were playing tennis.
 :

past simple
past continuous
As
While

past continuous

past simple

When

While I was watching TV, the light went out . ( When )
When the light went out I was watching TV .


While + ( v + ing ) past simple


While I was running to catch the train I lost my money .
While running to catch the train I lost my money .

While mother was cooking, father was reading a story . ( During )


During + v +ing
 ( while ) .


During mother's cooking, father was reading a story .
 : .
While father was reading the paper, mother was cooking.

Present Perfect
 : :



I have studied English. She has cooked lunch.
We have done out homework. They have mended their car.
 :


just already recently lately - so far ever - never yet since for


He has just arrived. They haven't won the prize so far.
She has already finished work. We have already bought a new car.

She just ( leave ) the house. ( Correct )
She has just left the house. ( Negative )
 just - already not -- -- -- yet .
She hasn't left the house yet.

just = a moment ago = a short time ago


He has just arrived. ( a moment ago )
I arrived a moment ago.

I ever ( meet ) my friends. ( Correct )
I have ever met my friends. ( Negative )
 ever never .
I have never met my friends.
Recently Lately
 lately .
I have been to Cairo recently. I haven't met him lately.
Have you gone to Luxor lately / recently ?
Have been Have gone
He has been to London . ( He is here now )
He has gone to London . ( He is there now )



Since & For



12 oclock
two hours
october four months
7th august three weeks
Since 2000 For 8 years
he arrived ages
then a long time
last ... the last ..

For ( (
I have played for two hours. She has studied for five hours.
I have studied English for the last week.
 : for the .
Since ( (
He has travelled since 1995.
He has learned to drive since last month.

 since .
since

I have played football since I was seven.
She has studied English since she finished secondary school.

I last met Ahmed when we were at school. ( since )
I haven't met Ahmed since we were at school.

The last time I played football was in 2000. ( since )
I haven't played football since 2000.
 : for since .
I have taught English since 1992. ( for )
I have taught English for 13 years.

She has travelled for ten years. ( since )
She has travelled since 1995.

I haven't visited my friend for a long time. ( since )
 : since for :
It is + + since +



It is a long time since I visited my friend.

I haven't met him for ten years. ( It's )
It's ten years since I met him.
 : ago since for .

( to + inf ) or ( v + ing ) +
Started
began


She has learnt English for seven years. ( ago )
She began to learn English seven years ago.

Exercise

Rewrite the following using the word (s) in brackets :
1. They are pushing heavy boxes. ( usually )
2. Ali is parking his car in the street. ( often )
3. We are writing homework in ink. ( sometimes )
4. We are throwing balls to each other. ( frequently )
5. He usually visit his relatives. ( habit )
6. I always travel abroad. ( never )
7. Fatma is in the habit of watching TV every evening. ( usually )
8. Ahmed speaks English well. ( negative )
9. He has not been in the country for the last two years . ( ago )
10. When I was on holiday , I went to the library every day . ( used to )
11. When I was a child I used to eat a lot of sweets . ( habit )
12- He always comes late. ( is )
13. The gardener cuts grass. ( At this moment )
14. The children watch T.V. ( At the present time )
15. She carries a black bag. ( Right now )
16. The baby cries loudly. ( Listen )
17. I run faster than you. ( Now )
18. He has a goodtime on the beach. ( At this moment )


19. The tourists were amazed at seeing the monuments . ( when )
20. I was having a shower and suddenly the light went out . ( while )
21. Just as Hala was studying her lessons, she drank much coffee . ( during )
22. During his speech , the light went out . ( while )
23. He caught the bus immediately on its departure . ( just as )
24 - I haven't eaten in this restaurant for ages. ( since )
25 - The last time I saw him was in 1999. ( I haven't )
26 - It hasn't rained here for years. ( It is )
27 - It's a long time since I visited Paris. ( for )
28 - He left the office a moment ago. ( just )
29- I went to Luxor and came back. ( have )
30- We havent gone out together for ages. ( its ages...)
1- Find the mistakes and write the sentences correctly:
1- My brother has been in London for 1998.
2- I know him for 5 years.
3- I am teaching in this school since 1995.
4- It's a week since I have heard from you.
5- I last played football since I was on holiday.
6- The last time I have visited the pyramids was in 1995.
7- I haven't met him a month ago.
8- I didn't study English for 2 days.
9- It's ages since I have last gone to a football match.
10- The last time Bill came here was since 1997.
11- Hossam bought those glasses last year, and is wearing them ever since.
12- He just arrived at the party.
13- I'm not decorating my room yet.

 : zip .zip‏ (428.0 , 737)
Dell    

2012-04-04, 05:42 PM   #2
 



      

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